The effect of Indonesian folktales on fourth-grade students’ reading comprehension and motivation

Nurul Istiq’faroh, Suhardi Suhardi, Ali Mustadi, Erif Ahdhianto


The low level of fourth-grade students’ reading comprehension affects their learning motivation in elementary school. To overcome these problems, this study is aimed: first, to develop indigenous folktales picture books; second, to investigate the effect of Indonesian folktales on students’ reading comprehension and learning motivation. This study used a quasi-experimental design. The participants were 49 fourth-grade students (27 males and 22 females) divided into experimental (n = 26) and control (n = 23) groups. The study was conducted at two public Indonesian elementary schools in the even semester during the 2019/2020 academic year. The Reading Comprehension Test (RCT) and the Motivation to Learn Scale (MLS) were administered as pre-and post-tests. To analyze data, independent samples t-test and paired samples t-test were used at .05 significance level. The results showed that experimental group students had higher scores on both dependent variables compared to their counterparts. It indicated that Indonesian folktales picture books significantly promote reading comprehension and motivation of experimental group students compared to control group students.


Indigenous folktales; Picture books; Reading comprehension; Motivation; Elementary school students

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