An Ethnomathematics Study of the days on the Javanese Calendar for Learning Mathematics in Elementary School

Niken Wahyu Utami, Suminto A Sayuti, Jailani Jailani


Ethnomathematics is mathematical value that presents in a culture. Calendar as a system of time periods is ethnomathematics. The calendar has days, dates, and months. Likewise, the Javanese calendar has days, dates, months, years, and also pasaran. The use of certain days in Javanese society has several essential activities. The activities are spiritual, traditional market, social gathering, and village meeting activities. This study aims to reveal the ethnomathematics values on certain days of Javanese Calendar. It uses qualitative methods that follow the ethnomathematics study framework. Data collection techniques use interviews with traditional elders, and document analysis of Javanese Primbon (the special of Javanese Book). We propose ethnomathematics value of remainder and modulo associated with days in the Javanese Calendar. This ethnomathematics values can be used in elementary school mathematics class


Ethnomathematics; Javanese Calendar; Javanese Primbon; Remainder; Modulo

Full Text:



Alangui, W. V. (2010). Stone walls and water flows: Interrogating cultural practice and mathematics. (Doctoral dissertation, ResearchSpace@ Auckland).

Aveni, A. F. (2011). Maya Numerology. Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 21(02), 187–216.

Bjarnadóttir, K. (2010). Ethnomathematics at the Margin of Europe –A Pagan Calendar. Journal of Mathematics & Culture, 5(1), 21–42.

D’Ambrosio, U. (1985). Ethnomathematics and its Place in the History and Pedagogy of Mathematics. For the Learning of Mathematics, 5(1), 44–48. Retrieved from

D’Ambrosio, U. (2006). Ethnomathematics: Link between traditions and modernity. Sense Publishers.

Hermin, S., & Mahadwartha, P. A. (2018). Javanese lunar calendar effect (Primbon) on abnormal return. In 15th International Symposium on Management (INSYMA 2018) (Vol. 186, pp. 44–47). Atlantis Press.

Katz, V. J. (1994). Ethnomathematics in the Classroom. For the Learning of Mathematics, 14(2), 26–30. Retrieved from

Nuraeni, Z., & Azizah, N. (2017). Application of Number Theory in the Calculation of Java Calendar. In Ahmad Dahlan International Conference on Mathematics and Mathematics Education (pp. 177–181).

Ore, O. (1948). Number Theory and Its History. New York: McGrawHill Book Company, Inc.

Orey, D. C., & Rosa, M. (2008). Ethnomathematics and cultural representations : Teaching in highly diverse contexts. Acta Scientiae, 10(1), 27–46.

Orey, D. C., & Rosa, M. (2010). Ethnomodeling : A Pedagogical Action for Uncovering Ethnomathematical Practices. Journal of Mathematical Modelling and Application, 1(3), 58–67.

Powell, A. B. (2009). Respecting mathematical diversity: An ethnomathematical perspective. Acta Scientiae, 11(2), 39–52.

Purwanto, M. R., Chotimah, C., & Mustofa, I. (2018). Sultan Agung ’ s Thought of Javanis Islamic Calender and its Implementation for Javanis Moslem. International Journal of Emerging Trends in Social Sciences, 4(1), 9–14.

Puryandani, S., & Robiyanto. (2015). The Javanese lunar calendar’s effect on Indonesian stock returns. Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business, 17(2), 125–137.

Putra, I. M. D. M., Sukarsa, I. M., Githa, D. P., & Wijaya, I. W. K. (2019). A reusable balinese calendar engine. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, 96(1), 267–278.

Renald, T., Kurniawan, I., & Robiyanto, R. (2018). Superstitious behavior and stock returns: The case of Javanese traditional calendar. Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, 6–11.

Rickey, V. F. (1985). Mathematics of the Gregorian Calendar. The Mathematical Intelligencer, 7(1), 53–56.

Rosa, M., & Orey, D. C. (2010). Culturally relevant pedagogy: an ethnomathematical approach. Horizontes, 28(1), 19–31.

Rosa, M., & Orey, D. C. (2016). State of the Art in Ethnomathematics. In Current and Future Perspectives of Ethnomathematics as a Program (pp. 11–37). Springer, Cham.

Syahrin, M. A., Turmudi, & Puspita, E. (2016). Study ethnomathematics of aboge (alif, rebo, wage) calendar as determinant of the great days of Islam and traditional ceremony in Cirebon Kasepuhan Palace. In AIP Conference Proceedings 1708 (Vol. 060009).

Utami, N. W., Sayuti, S. A., & Jailani. (2019). Math and Mate in Javanese Primbon: Ethnomathematics Study. Journal on Mathematics Education, 10(3), 341–356.

Widodo, S. T., & Saddhono, K. (2012). Petangan Tradition In Javanese Personal Naming Practice : An Ethnoliguistic Study. GEMA Online® Journal of Language Studies, 12(4)(November), 1165–1177.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

 ISSN: 1305-3515