Identity dimensions and self-esteem as predictors of school attachment in adolescence period

Ümit Morsünbül, Pınar Çetiner

Abstract


The aim of this study is to investigate whether identity dimensions and self-esteem significantly predict the level of school attachment. The study group consisted of 185 female (62.7%) and 110 male (37.3%) who were studying at High School in Uşak province and they accepted to participate in the study as voluntary. Utrecht-Management of Identity Commitments Scale, School Attachment Scale for Children and Adolescents and Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale were used to collect data. According to regression analysis results identity dimensions and self-esteem significantly predicted attachment to school, attachment to teacher and attachment to friend. Cultural, educational, artistic and sportive activities should be planned to enable students to realize their potential for a healthy identity development and self-esteem.


Keywords


School attachment; Self-esteem; Identity dimensions

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anderman, E. M. (2002). School effects on psychological outcomes during adolescence. Journal of Educational Psychology, 94, 795–809.

Blum, R. (2005). School connectedness: Improving the lives of students. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. http://cecp.air.org/download/MCMonographFINAL.

Can, Y., & Polat, M. (2004). Kayseri ili ilköğretim öğrencilerinde kayak sporuna yönelik fiziksel uygunluk normlarının araştırılması. Erciyes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, 13(1), 48- 54.

Cemalciler, Z. (2010). Schools as socialisation contexts: Understanding the impact of school climate factors on students’ sense of school belonging. Applied Psychology, 59, 243.

Crocetti, E., Rubini, M., Luyckx, K. ve Meeus, W. (2008). Identity formation in early and middle adolescents from various ethnic groups: From three dimensions to five statuses. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 37, 983-996.

Crocetti, E., Schwartz, S., Fermani, A., & Meeus, W. (2010). The utrecht management of identity commitment scale (U-MICS): Italian validation and cross national comparisons. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 26, 169–183.

Crocetti, E., Sica, L., Schwartz, S. J., & Meeus, W. (2013). Identity styles, dimensions, statuses, and functions: Making connections among identity conceptualizations. Revue européenne de psychologie appliquée, 63, 1-13.

Çuhadaroğlu, F. (1986). Adolesanlarda benlik saygısı. (Yayımlanmamış yüksek lisans tezi), Hacettepe Üniversitesi, Ankara.

Dotterer, A. M., McHale, S., & Crouter, A. C. (2007). Implications of out-of-school activities for school engagement in african American adolescents. Journal of Youth & Adolescence, 36, 391-401.

Erikson, E. (1968). Identity, youth and crisis. New York: Norton.

Fredricks,J.A., Blumenfeld, P. C., & Paris, A. H. (2004). School engagement: Potentialof the concept, state of the evidence. Rewiev of Educational Research, 74, 59-109.

Grotevant, H. D., & Cooper, C. R. (1986). Individuation in family relationships: A perspective on individual differences in development of identity and role taking skill in adolescents. Human Development, 26, 82-100

Hawkins, J. D., Catalano, R. F., Kosterman, R., Abbott, R., & Hill, K. G. (1999). Preventing adolescent health-risk behaviors by strengthening protection during childhood. Arch Pediatric Adolescence Medicine, 153(3), 226-234.

Hawkins, J. D., Guo, J., Hill, K. G., Battin-Pearson, S., & Abbott, R. D. (2001). Long-term effects of the Seattle Social Development Intervention on school bonding trajectories. Applied Developmental Science, 5, 225–236.

Hirschi, T. (1969). Causes of delinquency. Berkeley: University of California Press. http://www.sagepub.com/upmdata/36812_5.pdf.

Kading, M. (2014). School connectedness: an analysis of students’ relationship with their school. Winona State University.

Karakuş, Ö. (2012). Ergenlerde bağlanma stilleri ve yalnızlık arasındaki ilişki. Toplum ve Sosyal Hizmet, 23(2), 33-46.

Klem, A. M., & Connell, J. P. (2004). Relationships matter: Linking teacher support to student engagement and achievement. Journal of School Health, 74(7), 262– 273.

Kuzgun, Y. (2002). İlköğretimde rehberlik. Ankara: Nobel Yayın Dağıtım.

Lim, Y., & Lee, O. (2017). Relationship between parental maltreatment and adolescents’ school adjustment: Mediating roles of self-esteem and peer attachment. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 26(2), 393-404.

Marcia, J. E. (1980). Identity in adolescence. In J. Adelson (Ed.), Handbook of adolescent psychology (pp.159–187). New York: Wiley.

Yörükoğlu, A. (2000). Gençlik çağı ruhsal sağlığı ve ruhsal sorunları (11. bs.). İstanbul: Özgür Yayınları.

Yuen M., Patrick S. Y. Lau, Queenie A. Y. Lee, Norman C. Gysbers, Raymond M. C. Chan, Ricci W. Fong, Y. B, Peter M. K., & Shea, Y. (2012). Factors influencing school connectedness: Chinese adolescents’ perspectives. Asia Pacific Education Review, 13(1), 55-63.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

 ISSN: 1305-3515