The Comparison of Nationalism and Civic Education Value Between Indonesian And Malaysian Elementary School Textbook

Taufik Muhtarom


This research aim is to know how the values of nationalism and civic education lesson are taught and to know in what ways the similarities and the differences in the form or pattern of presentation of the values of nationalism and civic education lesson in the elementary school textbooks in Indonesia and Malaysia. This research is a type of qualitative research using content analysis method. The sample in this study were two elementary school textbooks in the third and fourth grades of the official ministry of education in Indonesia and Malaysia. The research result reveals that the way to present the value of nationalism and the civics lesson is through a story, narrative text, song/ poetry/ letter, classroom activities, images/ symbol/ pictures, and factual news. The second result reveals that there were similarities and differences in the insertion of the values of nationalism and civic lessons in both textbooks from Indonesia and Malaysia.


nationalism value; civic lesson; textbook analysis

Full Text:



Alan., Bryman. 2011. Business research methods. Bell, Emma, 1968- (3rd ed.). Cambridge: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199583409. OCLC 746155102.

Baiq LS Wardhani. 2008. Trend in Indonesia Malaysia Bilateral Relations in Post Suharto Period. Indonesian Journal of Social Sciences Vol. 1 (1).

Danping Wang. 2016. Learning or becoming: Ideology and national identity in textbooks for international learners of Chinese. Cogent Education (2016), 3: 1140361 (

Dimopoulos, K., Koulaidis, V., & Sklaveniti, S. (2003). Towards an analysis of visual images in school science textbooks and press articles about science and technology. Research in Science Education, 33(2), 189-216.

Elina S. 2013. Nationalism, Patriotism and Foreign Policy Attitudes among Chinese University Students. The China Quarterly, 216, December 2013, pp. 1045–1063

Ge, YP, Len Unsworth, Kuo-Hua Wang, Huey-Por Chang. What Images Reveal: a Comparative Study of Science Images between Australian and Taiwanese Junior High School Textbooks. Res Sci Educ DOI 10.1007/s11165-016-9608-9.

Geeta Bawa. 2016. Effectiveness of value education: The promotion of nationalism & internationalism among higher secondary students in district Yamuna Nagar. International Journal of Advanced Education and Research ISSN: 2455-5746, Impact Factor: RJIF 5.34 Volume 1; Issue 11; November 2016; Page No. 23-28

Gellner, Ernest (2005). Nations and Nationalism(2nd ed.). Blackwell. ISBN 978-1405134422.

Hibbing, A. N., & Rankin-Erickson, J. L. (2003). A picture is worth a thousand words: Using visual images to improve comprehension for middle school struggling readers. The Reading Teacher, 56(8), 758-770.

Kremeer, Christoper. 2011. Malaysia and Nusantara Heritage in the Adik-Abang Relationship. Stanford Journal of International Relations Vol. XIII | No. 2 • 29. (

Krippendorff, K. 2004. Contenxt Analysis: An Introduction to its Methodology. Beverly Hill/ London: Sage Publication

Krippendorff, Klaus. 2004. Content Analysis: An Introduction to Its Methodology (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. p. 413. ISBN 9780761915454

Liliek Adelina S. 2012. Battling for Shared Culture Between Indonesia and Malaysia in The Social Media Era. HUMANIORA. Vol.3 No.1 April 2012: 58-69. (

McGrath, I. (2002 ). Materials evaluation and design for language teaching. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press

Mela Mita Septiana. 2017. The Strategies to Increase the Nationalism of Senior High School Students through the Historical Inquiry-Based Module. American International Journal of Social Science Vol. 6, No. 2, June 2017 55

Miller, S., & Pennycuff, L. (2008). The Power of Story: Using Storytelling to Improve Literacy Learning. Journal of Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives in Education, 1(1), 36–43. Retrieved from

Nairn, Tom; James, Paul (2005). Global Matrix: Nationalism, Globalism and State-Terrorism. London and New York: Pluto Press.; and James,

Paul(2006). Globalism, Nationalism, Tribalism: Bringing Theory Back In – Volume 2 of Towards a Theory of Abstract Community. London: Sage Publications.

Nash, Kate (2001). The Blackwell companion to political sociology. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 391. ISBN 978-0631210504.

Peeck, J. (1993). Increasing picture effects in learning from illustrated text. Learning and Instruction, 3(3), 227-238.

Rebecca Isbell. (2002). Telling and Retelling Stories: Learning Language and Literacy. Retrieved fromhttp://ici-bostonready-pd-2009

Smith, Anthony. Nationalism: Theory, Ideology, History. Polity, 2010. pp. 9, 25–30

Singley, Carol J. (2003). "Race, Culture, Nation: Edith Wharton and Ernest Renan". Twentieth Century Literature. 49 (1): 32–45. doi:10.2307/3176007. JSTOR 3176007.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

 ISSN: 1305-3515