Okul Öncesinde Özel Gereksinimli Olan ve Normal Gelişen Çocukların Sosyal Kabul Düzeylerinin İncelenmesi

Hatice BAKKALOGLU, Bülbin SUCUOĞLU, Ahmet Bilal ÖZBEK

Öz


Bu çalışmanın amacı okul öncesi sınıflara devam eden özel gereksinimli (ÖG) ve normal gelişen (NG) çocukların sosyal kabul düzeylerini incelemektir. Bu amaçla iki grubun sosyal kabul, gelişimsel işlevler, problem davranış, sosyal beceri, öğrenci-öğretmen ilişkisi ve okula uyumları karşılaştırılmış, bu değişkenler arasındaki ilişkiler incelenmiş ve sosyal kabulü yordayan değişkenler belirlenmiştir. Çalışmada veriler okul öncesi sınıflara devam eden 47 ÖG ve 47 NG çocuk Sosyometrik Dereceleme Ölçeği, Yeterlik İndeksi, Okulöncesi ve Anaokulu Davranış Ölçeği, Öğrenci-Öğretmen İlişki Ölçeği-Kısa Formu ve Okula Uyum Öğretmen Derecelendirme Ölçeği-Kısa Formu kullanılarak toplanmıştır. Çalışmanın bulguları incelendiğinde ÖG çocukların NG akranlarına göre sosyal kabul, öğrenci-öğretmen ilişkisi, sosyal beceri ve okula uyum puanlarının daha düşük olduğu, buna karşın yeterlilik indeksi ve problem davranış puanlarının daha yüksek olduğu ve tüm çocuklar için sosyal kabulü en güçlü şekilde yordayan değişkenin problem davranışlar olduğu belirlenmiştir.

Anahtar Kelimeler


Okul öncesi; özel gereksinimli çocuklar; normal gelişen çocuklar; sosyal kabul; okula uyum; öğrenci-öğretmen ilişkisi; problem davranışlar; sosyal beceriler

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Referanslar


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