Okul Öncesi Dönem Çocuklarının Gelişim ve Öğrenmelerinin Desteklenmesinde Pedagojik Dokümantasyonun Katkısının Öğretmen Görüşlerine Göre İncelenmesi

Mehmet Buldu, Figen Şahin, Arif Yılmaz

Öz


Bu çalışmada bir öğrenme, öğretme ve değerlendirme aracı olan pedagojik dokümantasyonun erken çocukluk programlarında çocukların öğrenmesini anlama, destekleme ve geliştirmeyi ne derecede desteklediği öğretmen bakış açısından incelenmiştir. Olgubilim deseninde gerçekleştirilen geniş ölçekli bir araştırmanın parçası olan bu çalışmada öğretmenlerden bireysel görüşmeler yoluyla elde edilen veriler kullanılmıştır. Amaçlı örnekleme tekniği kullanılan bu araştırmanın örneklemini, metropol bir şehirdeki dokuz okul öncesi eğitim kurumunda görev yapan 22 okul öncesi öğretmeni oluşturmaktadır. Çalışmanın bulguları bireysel, kişiler arası ve öğrenme süreçleriyle ilgili katkılar olmak üzere üç tema altında toplanmıştır. Bu temalar altında kendini değerli hissetme, sorumluluk alma, kendini ifade etme, dinleme, etkileşim, öğrenme sürecinde aktif katılım, öğrenmeye karşı ilgi ve motivasyon, öz-değerlendirme ve öğrenme farkındalığı kategorileri yer almaktadır. Sonuçlar ışığında pedagojik dokümantasyonun çocuklar açısından katkıları göz önüne alınarak sınıflarda uygulanmasının etkin olarak yapılabilmesi için öğrenme ortamlarının fiziksel ve sosyal olarak düzenlenmesi, sınıf-içi ve dışı etkileşimlerin desteklenmesi, hizmet öncesi ve hizmet içi eğitimlerle öğretmenlerin bu sürece yönelik pedagojik bilgi ve beceriler kazanmalarının sağlanması önerilmektedir.


Anahtar Kelimeler


Pedagojik dokümantasyon, Öğrenme, Erken çocukluk eğitimi

Tam Metin:

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Referanslar


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