Özgül Öğrenme Güçlüğü Tanısı Olan ve Normal Gelişim Gösteren Çocukların Benlik Kavramları, Öz-Yeterlik İnançları ve Sosyal Becerilerinin Karşılaştırılması

Pakize Urfalı Dadandı

Öz


Özgül öğrenme güçlüğü olan bireylerin bilişsel özellikleri kadar psiko-sosyal özellikleri de akranlarından farklılık gösterebilmektedir.  Bu çalışmada, özgül öğrenme güçlüğü olan ve normal gelişim gösteren çocukların benlik kavramları, öz-yeterlik inançları ve sosyal becerileri arasındaki farkı incelemek amaçlanmıştır. Araştırmanın çalışma grubunu, özgül öğrenme güçlüğü tanısı almış 111 ve normal gelişim gösteren 115 olmak üzere Ankara’nın merkez ilçelerindeki farklı ortaokullarda öğrenim gören toplam 226 öğrenci oluşturmaktadır. Araştırma kapsamında Katılımcı Bilgi Formu, Piers-Harris Çocuklar İçin Öz- Kavramı Ölçeği, Çocuklar İçin Öz-Yeterlik Ölçeği ve Matson Çocuklarda Sosyal Becerileri Değerlendirme Ölçeği kullanılmıştır. Elde edilen veriler tanımlayıcı istatistik testleri ve bağımsız t-testi ile analiz edilmiştir. Elde edilen sonuçlar özgül öğrenme güçlüğü olan öğrencilerin genel benlik kavramı, mutluluk ve doyuma ilişkin benlik kavramı, popülarite-sosyal beğeni-gözde olma, zihin ve okul durumu, kaygı ve fiziksel görünüm benlik kavramı puanlarının; genel, akademik, sosyal ve duygusal öz-yeterlik inançlarının; sosyal becerilere ilişkin toplam puanlarının ve olumlu sosyal becerilere ilişkin puanlarının normal gelişim gösteren akranlarına göre anlamlı düzeyde düşük olduğunu göstermektedir. 

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