What makes bullying happen in school? Reviewing contextual characteristics surrounding individual and intervention programs on bullying

Youn Ah Jung


The purpose of this paper is to examine the existing research on the various factors that affects a bullying. Within literature review, this paper frames the research on bullying and provide insight into diverse contextual factors associated with the bullying in school. The literature review for this paper includes what factors pertains to bullying to school and classroom, the importance of school contexts and classroom management, as well as implications on prevention programs in practice for teachers and schools. 

Tam Metin:

PDF (English)



Barboza, G.E., Schiamberg, L.B., Oehmke, J., Korzeniewski, S.J., Post, L.A,, & Heraux, C.G (2009). Individual characteristics and the multiple contexts of adolescent bullying: an ecological perspective. Youth Adolescent, 38(1), 101-121.

Brown, M. (2003). Bully-proof your school. Today’s School. Dayton, OH: Peter Li Education Group.

Cowie, H., & Wallace, P. (2000). Peer support into action. London: Sage.

Craig, W. M., Pepler, D., & Atlas, R. (2000). Observations of bullying in the playground and

in the classroom. School Psychology International, 21, 22–36.

Crothers, L., Kolbert, J., & Barker, W. (2006). Middle school students

Fekkes, M., Pijpers, F. I. M., & Vereloove-Vanhorick, S. P. (2005). Bullying: Who does what, when and where? Involvement of children, teachers and parents in bullying behavior. Health Education Research, 20, 81–91

Graham, S., & Juvonen, J. (2002). Ethnicity, peer harassment, and adjustment in middle school: An exploratory study. Journal of Early Adolescence, 22, 173–199.

Hoof.A., Quinten A. W. Raaijmaker S., & Hale.W (2008). A multi-mediation model on the relations of bulling, vicmization, identity, and family with adolescent depressive symtoms. Youth Adolescent. 37, 772-782.

Limber, S. P. (2004). Implementation of the Olweus bullying prevention program: Lessons learned from the field. In D. Espellage, & S. Swearer (Eds.), Bullying in American schools: A social-ecological perspective on prevention and intervention (pp. 351–363). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum

Jenson, J.M. & Dieterich, W.A. (2007). Effects of a skills-based prevention program on bullying and bully victimization among elementary school children. Prevention Science 8, 285-296.

Juvonen, J., Graham, S., & Schuster, M. A. (2003). Bullying among young adolescents: The strong, the weak, and the troubled. Pediatrics, 112, 1231–1237.

Nansel, T. R., Overpeck, M., Pilla, R. S., Ruan, W. J., Simons-Morton, B. G., & Scheidt, P. (2001). Bullying behaviors among US youth: Prevalence and association with psychosocial adjustment. Journal of the American Association, 285, 2094–2100.

Natvig, G. K., Albrektsen, G., & Qvarnstrøm, U. (2001). School-related stress experience as a risk factor for bullying behavior. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 30, 561–575

O’Moore M., & Kirkham, C. (2001). Self-esteem and its relationship to bullying behaviour. Aggressive Behavior, 27, 269–283.

Olweus, D. (1993). Bullying at school: What we know and what we can do. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

Rock.P.F., & Baird.J.A.(2011). Tell the teacher or tell the bully off: Children’s strategy production for by standers to bullying. Social Development, 21(2), 414-425.

Shetgiri.R., Lin.H., Avila.R.M.& Flores.G. (2012). Parental characteristics associated with bullying perpetration in US children aged 10-17 years. American Journal of Public Health. 102(12), 2280-2286.

Smith, P., & Brain, P. (2000). Bullying in schools: Lessons from two decades of research. Aggressive Behavior, 26, 1–9. Smith P., Sharp S. (Eds.). (1994). School bullying: Insights

Wolfgang, C.H. (2009). Solving discipline and classroom management problems: Methods and models for today’s teachers. 7th. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc


  • Şu halde refbacks yoktur.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.




Creative Commons Lisansı

İlköğretim Online Dergisi Creative Commons Alıntı-Gayriticari 4.0 Uluslararası Lisansı ile lisanslanmıştır.

ISSN: 1305-3515